19 November 2020

ORDINANCE NO. 11192020


WHEREAS, the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (“COVID-19”) is a respiratory disease that can result in serious illness or death by the SARS­CoV-2 virus, which is a new strain of coronavirus previously unidentified in humans and which can spread from person to person;

WHEREAS, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (the “CDC”) has warned of the high public health threat posed by COVID-19 globally and in the United States;

WHEREAS, on January 31, 2020, the United States Department of Health and Human Services Secretary declared a public health emergency in the United States for COVID-19 under Section 391 of the Public Health Service Act;

WHEREAS, on March 13, 2020, the President of the United States declared that the COVID-19 outbreak in the United States constitutes a national emergency, which began on March 1, 2020;

WHEREAS, also on March 13, 2020, the Governor of the State of South Carolina (the “State”) issued Executive Order 2020-08, declaring a State of Emergency based on a determination that the COVID-19 poses an actual or imminent public health emergency for the State;

WHEREAS, the Governor of the State has subsequently declared a continued State of Emergency in Executive Orders 2020-15 (March 28), 2020-23 (April 12), 2020-29 (April 27), 2020-35 (May 12), 2020-38 (May 27), 2020-40 (June 11), 2020-42 (June 26), 2020-44 (July 11), 2020-48 (July 26), 2020-53 (August 10), 2020-56 (August 25), 2020-59 (September 9), 2020-62 (September 24), 2020-63 (October 2), 2020-65 (October 9), and 2020-67 (October 24), 2020-70 (November 8), 2020-73 (December);

SC Executive Orders Reference Link: https://governor.sc.gov/executive-branch/executive-orders

WHEREAS, the State is experiencing a dramatic increase in the number of identified new COVID-19 cases, and as of November 9, 2020, the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (“DHEC”) is reporting that there have been 176,373 confirmed COVID-19 cases and 3,778 confirmed COVID-19 deaths in the State;

WHEREAS, health authorities, including the CDC, the Surgeon General of the United States, and DHEC have recommended the use of face coverings as a means of preventing the spread of COVID-19; and

WHEREAS, the City Council of the City of Aiken has determined, based on the recommendations of public health experts and responsive to a serious threat to the public health, safety, and welfare of its citizens, that it would serve the public interest and be within the City’s police powers under Home Rule and S.C. Code § 5-7-60 to require that individuals wear face coverings in certain situations and locations;

WHEREAS, the South Carolina Attorney General, on June 25, 2020, issued a public statement that enacting local mask requirements is within the police power of municipalities and is not preempted by State law;

WHEREAS, in order to protect, preserve, and promote the general health, safety and welfare and the peace and order of the community, the City of Aiken is taking steps to try to protect the citizens and employees of the City of Aiken from increased risk of exposure.


Section 1. Definitions. As used herein, the terms below shall have the following meanings:
1) “Establishment” means a Retail Establishment.
2) “Face Covering” means a uniform piece of cloth, fabric, or other material that securely covers a person’s nose and mouth and remains affixed in place without the use of one’s hands. Face Coverings include, but are not limited to, bandanas, medical masks, cloth masks, scarves, and gaiters, provided that they are worn such that they securely cover the person’s nose and mouth.
3) “Responsible Person,” with respect to an Establishment, means any individual associated with the Establishment who has the authority and ability to enforce the requirements of the Ordinance within the Establishment, such as an owner, manager, or supervisor. “Responsible Person” may also include an employee or other designee that is present at the Establishment but does not have the title of manager or supervisor, but who has the temporary or designated authority and ability to ensure that the requirements of this Ordinance are met while the Establishment is open to the public.
4) “Retail Establishment” means any retail business, organization, establishment, or facility open to the public within the City, including without limitation:
a) grocery stores, convenience stores, and any other establishment engaged in the retail sale of non-prepared food;
b) commercial stores engaged in the retail sale of goods or services to the public including without limitation sporting goods stores; furniture and home-furnishings stores; clothing, shoe, and clothing-accessory stores; jewelry, luggage, and leather goods stores; department stores; hardware and home-improvement stores; book, craft, and music stores; florists and flower stores; and all other stores that sell supplies for household consumption or use;
c) pharmacies and other stores that sell medications or medical supplies;
d) alcoholic beverage stores; and
e) laundromats.

Section 2. Use of Face Coverings. Effective as of 12:00 P.M. on the first Friday after adoption by City Council.
1) all customers are required to wear Face Coverings while inside the enclosed area of any Retail Establishment;
2) all Retail Establishments shall require staff to wear, and those staff shall wear, Face Coverings while working in areas open to the general public and areas in which interactions with other staff are likely in which social distancing of at least six feet cannot be observed; and
3) all persons shall also comply with the emergency restrictions set forth in Executive Order No. 2020-63 issued by the Office of the Governor of the State of South Carolina, a copy of this Order is attached hereto as Exhibit “A, ”which may be modified, amended, or rescinded by future Emergency Order(s) by the Office of the Governor.
4) businesses subject to this ordinance are required to post appropriate signage at each public entrance to the building informing anyone entering the building of these requirements, and the operator of the business shall ensure that all people entering the building are in compliance.
5) failure by customers to comply with this ordinance could result in a charge of misdemeanor trespassing as defined in South Carolina Code Section 16-11-520.
6) failure by customers to comply with this ordinance could result in a civil fine of $25.00 per violation.

Section 3. Exemptions. Face Coverings shall not be required:
1) in outdoor or unenclosed areas appurtenant to Retail Establishments in which social distancing of at least six feet is possible and observed;
2) for people whose religious beliefs prevent them from wearing a Face Covering;
3) for those who cannot wear a Face Covering due to a medical or behavioral condition;
4) for children under the age of five years old;
5) in private, individual offices;
6) when complying with directions of law enforcement officers;
7) in settings where it is not practical or feasible to wear a Face Covering, including when obtaining goods or services such as the receipt of: a. dental services, b. barbering services, c. beautician services; or while swimming;
8) while doing outdoor physical activity;
9) police officers, firefighters or other first responders when not practical or engaged in a public safety matter of an emergency nature, or persons engaged in the repair or maintenance of infrastructure;
10) while exclusively with members of a family or the same household, and no person other than such family or household is within the same enclosed area.
11) this ordinance shall not be applicable to schools in the Aiken County Public School system [grades K – 12] that are located in the City of Aiken.

Section 4. Suspension of Contrary Local Provisions.
Any ordinance, resolution, policy, or bylaw of the City that conflicts with the provisions hereof shall be and is hereby suspended and superseded.

Section 5. Severability.
Should any provision, section, paragraph, sentence, or word of this Ordinance be rendered or declared invalid by any final court action in a court of competent jurisdiction or by reason of any preemptive legislation, the remaining provisions, sections, paragraphs, sentences, or words of this Ordinance as hereby adopted shall remain in full force and effect.

Section 7. Effective Date and Time.
This Ordinance shall take effect at 12:00 pm on the first Friday after adoption by City Council.

Section 8. Communication.
During the period between passage by Council and the effective date, City staff including, but not limited to, Public Safety, Communications and Code Enforcement officials will communicate with businesses and the public in all necessary manner, including, but not limited to, personal visits, communication with local print and electronic media, social media and other electronic means in languages including English and Spanish.

Section 9. Automatic Termination.
This Ordinance shall automatically expire upon the issuance of a Resolution by the Council of the City of Aiken declaring that COVID-19 is no longer a serious threat to the public health, safety, and welfare of its citizens or the Governor’s Executive Orders declaring a State of Emergency exists in South Carolina due to COVID-19 are not renewed, whichever event is earlier.

ADOPTED by the Council of the City of Aiken at regular meeting held this 19th day of November, 2020, at which a quorum was present and voting.


Stuart Bedenbaugh
City Manager
City of Aiken